The main types of semiconductor chips

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The chips created by semiconductor specialists are ones you can categorise in two ways. Normally, you group them in relation to their functionality. However, there are times when people separate them into groups according to the ICs. When you look at them like this, there are four primary groups. These are systems-on-a-chip, standard chips, microprocessors, and memory chips. We will be discussing some of them in this post.

Memory chips

From a functionality perspective, semiconductor memory chips store programs and data. They do so for an array of storage devices and computers. RAM chips offer temporary workspaces. As for flash memory chips, they permanently hold information. This is until you erase it. Programmable read-only memory (PROM) and read-only memory (ROM) are ones you can’t modify. With erasable programmable read-only memory (EPROM), it is different. The same goes for electrically erasable read-only memory (EEPROM).


These hold one or multiple central processing units (CPUs). Smartphones, tablets, PCs, and computers might all have several CPUs. The 64 and 32-bit microprocessors in modern servers and PCs are often SPARC, POWER, and x86 chip architecture. They were initially developed decades ago but are still used today. With the likes of smartphones and mobile devices, they normally use ARM chip architecture. The less powerful 24, 16, and 8-bit microprocessors pop up in vehicles, toys, and the like. If you need our microchip snap products, please give us a call.

Commodity integrated circuits

CICs are simple chips for carrying out tedious processing routines. Made in huge batches, people use them in single-purpose appliances like barcode scanners. However, if you make an IC for a certain purpose, it is known as an application-specific integrated chip (ASIC).

System on a chip

A SoC is one of the newer varieties, and a very welcoming one to manufacturers. Within it you have all the electronic components for a whole system on one chip. If you compare to a microcontroller, the SoC’s capabilities are also a lot more extensive.

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